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Click on the links below to see past brasses  of the month:

    February 2003     Nicholas Gaynesford, 1498, Carshalton, Surrey

    March 2003         George Rede, c. 1492, Fovant, Wiltshire

    April 2003           Thomas Stathum, 1470, Morley, Derbyshire  

    May 2003            Richard Torryngton, c.1380-90, Gt. Berkhamsted, Herts                              

    June 2003            Adam Ertham, 1382, Arundel, Sussex

    July 2003             John Lawe, c.1480, Derby Cathedral, Derbyshire

    August 2003        William Frith, 1386, & John Bradwell, Shottesbrook, Berks 

    September 2003  Sir Richard Fitzlewes, 1528, Ingrave, Essex

    October 2003      Joan, Lady Cromwell, 1479, Tattershall, Lincolnshire 

    November 2003   John Gyger, 1504, Tattershall, Lincolnshire

    December 2003    Richard Disney, d. 1578, Norton Disney, Lincolnshire 

    January 2004       Joan de Cobham, c. 1305-10, Cobham, Kent

    February 2004      Henry Notingham, c. 1405, Holme-next-the-Sea, Norfolk

    March 2004          John Wybarne, 1505,  Ticehurst, Sussex

    April 2004            William Bradschawe, 1537, Wendover, Buckinghamshire

    May 2004             Thomas Tompkins, 1629, Llandinabo, Herefordshire

    June 2004             William de Wermington, c. 1330, Crowland, Lincolnshire

    July 2004              Lucasz de Gorka, 1475, Poznan, Poland

    August 2004         Unknown knight, c. 1475, Society of Antiquaries, London

    September 2004    Sir Andrew de Herley, 1382, Allensmore, Herefordshire

    October 2004        Nicholas Fraunceis, 1526, Combe Florey, Somerset

    November 2004    Prior Thomas Nelond, 1432,Cowfold, Sussex

    December 2004     Unknown, c. 1500, Cobham, Surrey

    January 2005         John Hardman, 1867, St. Mary's Convent, Handsworth

    February 2005       Sir John Say, 1473, Broxbourne, Herts

    March 2005           Sir Hugh Hastings, 1347, Elsing, Norfolk

    April 2005              Sir John Clerk, 1539, Thame, Oxfordshire.

    May 2005              Olivier de la Chapelle, 1508, La Chapelle-Rainsouin

    June 2005               Katherine Franckleyn, 1552, Sturry, Kent

    July 2005                Sir Edward Warner, 1565, Little Plumstead, Norfolk

    August 2005            Thomas Tonge, 1472, Beeford, Yorkshire

    September 2005       William Wadham, 1411, llminster, Somerset

    October 2005           Margaret Chute (d. 1614),  Marden, Herefordshire

    November 2005        John Strete (d. 1406), Upper Hardres, Kent

    December 2005        Edward Grymston, 1478, Thorndon, Suffolk

    January 2006            Elizabeth Tempest, 1845, Skipton, Yorkshire

    February 2006          Sir Thomas Brudenell, 1586, Deene, Northamptonshire

    March 2006              Thomas King, 1523, Rendham, Suffolk

    April 2006                Brother Robert Beauner, c. 1450-60, St Alban's Cathedral, Hertfordshire

    May 2006                Lady Anne Danvers, 1539, Dauntsey, Wiltshire

    June 2006                Thomas, Lord Berkeley, 1392, Wotton-under-edge, Gloucestershire

    July 2006                 John Eldred, 1632, Great Saxham,Suffolk

    August 2006            Dame Agnes Jordan, 1546, Denham, Buckinghamshire

    September 2006      King Eric Menved and Queen Ingeborg, 1319, Ringsted, Denmark

    October 2006          Margaret Lambart (d.1608), Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire

    November 2006      Archbishop Samuel Harsnett, 1631, Chigwell, Essex   

    December 2006       John Samwell and wife, c. 1505, Cottisford, Oxfordshire

    January 2007            Hugues des Hazards, (1517) bishop of Toul, Blénod-lès-Toul

    February 2007         Valentine Edvarod, 1574, St Nicholas at Wade, Kent

    March 2007             Edmund Hunt, 1558, Hindolveston, Norfolk

    April 2007               Sir Peter Rede, 1568, St Peter, Norwich,  Norfolk

    May 2007               Sir Adam de Clyfton, Methwold, 1367, Norfolk

    June 2007                George Talbot, Fourth Earl of Shrewsbury, 1538, Sheffield, Yorkshire

    July 2007                 Walter Curson, 1527, and Isabel, his wife, Waterperry, Oxfordshire

    August 2007             John Byrkhede, d. 1468, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex

    September 2007       Lost brass of a lady, c.1415, Castleacre, Norfolk

    October 2007           Christopher Daubeney, 1587, Sharrington, Norfolk

    November 2007        Edward Naylor, 1632, Bigby, Lincolnshire

    December 2007        William Armorer, 1560, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London

    January 2008             A Lady, probably Agnes de Bradeston, c1370, Winterbourne, Gloucestershire

    February 2008           John Strensall, 1408, Boston, Lincolshire

    March 2008              Ann Fitch, 1593, Little Canfield, Essex

    April 2008                 Jeha(n) Buccilier and his wife, Police, 1494, Toul, France
    May 2008                 William de Grey [1495] and his wives Mary and Grace, Merton, Norfolk
    June 2008                  John Stonor, 1512, Wraysbury, Buckinghamshire
    July 2008                  Thomas Cod, 1465, St Margaret at Antioch, Rochester, Kent
    August 2008              John Bartelot, d. 1428/9, and wife Joan de Stopham, Stopham, Sussex

    September 2008         Edmund Clere, d. 1488, and wife Elizabeth, Stokesby, Norfolk

    October 2008            Reginald Spycer, 1442, and wives, Cirencester, Gloucestershire

    November 2008         Ann Tyrell, 1638, Stowmarket, Suffolk

    December 2008          Margaret Bacon, 1626/7, Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire

    January 2009              Unknown civilian, c 1520, Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire

    February 2009            John Alnwyk, 1460, Surlingham, Norfolk

    March 2009               Lady Sydney Wynne, Llanrwst, Denbighshire

    April 2009                 Gotthard and Margaretha von Höveln, 1571, Marienkirche, Lübeck

    May 2009                 Dorothie Brewster, 1613, Willingale Doe, Essex

    June 2009                 Sir John de Wyngefeld, 1389, Letheringham, Suffolk

    July 2009                  Gabriel Pluyette, 1634, Roissy-en-France, Val d'Oise, France

    August 2009              Incised slabs to lepers, Dijon, France

    September 2009        Lost Brass: Ralph de Hengham, St Paul’s Cathedral, London

    October 2009           Reginald de Assche, Ash-next-Wrotham, c. 1380

    November 2009        John Repps, 1561, & wives Margaret & Thomasene, West Walton, Norfolk

    December 2009        Francis Saunders, 1585, & wives Elizabeth, Eleanor and Frances, Welford, Northamptonshire

    January 2010            Inscription on font to Sir Ralph Pudsay, his third wife Edwina & his son William, Bolton-by-Bowland, Yorkshire

    February 2010          John Kyngeston, 1514, and wife Susan, Childrey, Berkshire

    March 2010             Anne Bedingfield, 1641, Darsham, Suffolk

    April 2010                Ambroise de Villiers, 1503, formerly in the abbey of Notre-Dame-du-Val, Seine et Oise, France

    May 2010                Christopher Playters, 1547 (C17 engraving), Sotterley, Suffolk

    June 2010                Nicholas Toke, 1680, and his three daughters, Great Chart, Kent

    July 2010                 Duchess Zedena, 1510, Meissen cathedral, Saxony, Germany

   August 2010             Anne Butts, 1609, Redgrave, Suffolk

  September 2010        Thomas Shernborne, 1458/9, and wife Jamon, Shernborne, Norfolk

   October 2010           Margery or Anne Clopton, 1420, Long Melford, Suffolk

  November 2010         Dirick Lode, 1507, St John’s church, Cēsis, Latvia

  December 2010          William & Margaret Stapilton, c. 1440, Helhoughton, Norfolk

    January 2011            Brass lease, 1568, St Mary’s Hall, Coventry

   February 2011          Agnes & Jane Hopper, 1625, St Cross, Oxford

   March 2011            Ralph Blenerhaysett, 1475, Frenze, Norfolk

     April 2011              Arthur Dericote, 1562, and four wives,  Mary, Emma, Margaret and Joan, Hackney, Middlesex

      May 2011             Geoffrey Boleyn, 1440, and wife Alice, Salle, Norfolk

      June 2011              Bishop Johann II von Schleinitz, Zeitz, Germany

      July 2011               Catherine Verney, 1657, Compton Verney, Warwickshire

    August 2011            Thomas Cawarden, 1592/3, and wife, Mavesyn Ridware, Staffordshire

  September 2011        Joost van Amstel van Mijnden, 1554, Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, Netherlands

   October 2011           Susanna Gartside, 1668, Rochdale, Lancashire

  November 2011        Sir William Burgate, 1409, Burgate, Suffolk

   December 2011        Stillborn son of Elector Johann Georg I, 1608, Freiberg Cathedral, Germany

     January 2012          Thomas Tyard, 1505/6, & Philip Tenison, 1660/1, Bawburgh, Norfolk

    February 2012         Thomas and Elizabeth Drake, c. 1520, Forncett St Peter, Norfolk

      March 2012           John Browne, 1581, and wife, Halesworth, Suffolk

       April 2012            Johan von Heringen, 1505, Erfurt Cathedral, Germany

       May 2012             Richard & Joan Foxwist, 1500, Llanbeblig, Wales

       June 2012             Member of the Bacon family, Gorleston, Suffolk, early fourteenth century

       July 2012              Anne Bulwer, 1604/5, Guestwick, Norfolk

     August 2012           William Styrlay, 1536, Rauceby, Lincolnshire

  September 2012        Katherine Howard, 1465, engraved c. 1535, Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk

    October 2012          Zacharias Ridt, 1586, Poznań, Poland

  November 2012        Alice Laurence, 1531, and husbands, Middleton, Lancashire

  December 2012         Sir Andrew Luttrell, 1390, Irnham, Lincolnshire

    January 2013           Martha Lister, 1663, Sheffield Cathedral, Yorkshire

   February 2013         Thomas Bokenham, 1460, St Stephen's, Norwich

    March 2013            Thomas Kinnersley, c. 1530, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire

      April 2013             Canon Johannes (Jan) Craghe, 1524, Sint-Maartenskerk, Sint Maartensdijk (Zeeland, Netherlands)

       May 2013             Indent of Sir Thomas Felton, KG, 1381, and his son Thomas, East Barsham, Norfolk

       June 2013             Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1416, Konstanz Cathedral (Baden-Württemberg)

       July 2013              Henry Hobart, 1561, Loddon, Norfolk

     August 2013           Lydia Gore, 1654/5, Alderton, Wiltshire

  September 2013       Maud Harcourt and two husbands, Walter Cookesey and Sir John Phelip, 1415, Kidderminster , Worcestershire

   October 2013         George, son of Roger Townsend, c. 1505, East Raynham, Norfolk

  November 2013       Elizabeth Whipple, 1617, Dickleburgh, Norfolk

  December 2013        Bishop Heinrich von Spiegel, 1380, Paderborn Dom, Germany

    January 2014          Anthony Hansart and wife Katherine, 1507, March , Cambridgeshire

   February 2014         Robert Bumpsted, 1479, Sotterley, Suffolk

     March 2014           Iven Reventlow, 1569, St. Hippolyt’s Church, Lebrade,  Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

      April 2014            Sir Robert de Tye, 1415, Barsham, Suffolk

       May 2014            Henry Stanley, 1528, Hillingdon, Middlesex

      June 2014             Lucas Goodyere, 1547, Aldenham, Hertfordshire

       July 2014             Adriaen Cornelis Clayssenzoon, 1524, Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk, Kapelle (Zeeland, Netherlands)

     August 2014           Sir William Calthorpe, 1420, Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk

  September 2014        Sir William Fitz-william, 1534, Marholm, Northamptonshire

   October 2014          William, 1523, & Alice Brugge, Longdon, Worcestershireshire

  November 2014       Roger, 1542/3, & Mary Gifford, Middle Claydon,  Buckinghamshire

   December 2014       Hermann Schomaker, 1406, Bardowick, Germany

     January 2015         Richard Coton, 1556, & wife Margaret, 1560, engraved later, Whittington, Gloucestershire

    February 2015        Simon Boleyn, 1482, Salle, Norfolk

      March 2015          John, 1493, & Elizabeth Sothill, Stockerston, Leicestershire

       April 2015           Edward and Margaret Gage, 1595, Framfield, Sussex

        May 2015          William de Audley, 1365, Horseheath, Cambridgeshire

        June 2015          Walter Dotyn, 1603/4, Oxford, St Michael

        July 2015           Benet ___, died 1519, and his wife, Aldeburgh, Suffolk

      August 2015        Thomas Capp, 1545/6, Norwich, St Stephen

   September 2015     Adam von Herzenradt, 1483, Brauweiler, Germany

    October 2015        Humbert de Chissé, 1458, Geneva, Switzerland

  November 2015       Benedykt z Koźmina, 1559, Dominican Church, Kraków, Poland

  December 2015       Anna, Princess of Denmark & Electress of Saxony, 1585, St Mary’s Cathedral, Freiberg, Saxony, Germany

    January 2016         Gijsbert Willemszoen, 1511, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

   February 2016        Talbot family, 1821, Wymondham, Norfolk

     March 2016          Mathew Rudd, 1615, Chelmsford, Essex

       April 2016           Barbara Antoni, 1510, Isenhagen, Germany

        May 2016          John Hynkley, 1432, and wife Margaret, 1442, engraved after 1454, Great Thurlow, Suffolk

        June 2016          Indent, unknown priest, Seton Collegiate Church, East Lothian, Scotland

        July 2016           Margaret de Buslingthorpe, 1369, Bothamsall, Nottinghamshire

      August 2016        Ralph Fuloflove, 1479, West Harling, Norfolk

  September 2016      Michael Hare, 1611, and two wives, Bruisyard, Suffolk

    October 2016        Man in armout, c.1410, Holbeach Lincolnshire

  November 2016      Thomas Holte, 1545 & wife, Aston, Warwickshire

  December 2016       Richard Gereys & wife Jane, 1574, Constantine, Cornwall

     January 2017         John Beton, 1570, Edensor, Derbyshire

    February 2017       William and Elizabeth Berdwell [1490], West Harling, Norfolk

      March 2017         Duchess Katharina of Saxony, 1561, Freiberg Cathedral, Germany

       April 2017           Thomas, 1458, & Margery Hesketh, Rufford, Lancashire

        May 2017          John Weston, 1566(C17 engraving), Rugeley, Staffordshire

       June 2017           Johann von Rintelen, Rector,   1376, St Petri Braunschweig, Niedersachsen, Germany

       July 2017            Sir George Throckmorton 15[52] & wife, Coughton, Warwickshire

     August 2017         Hercules Raynsford, 1583, & wife, Clifford Chambers, Warwickshire

   September 2017      Lady Martha Chedworth, 1775, Erwarton, Suffolk

    October 2017        Alice Paston, 1608/9, Oxnead, Norfolk

   November 2017     Nicholas (1522) & Elizabeth Boone, Edmonton, Middlesex


Copyright © 2017 Monumental Brass Society (MBS)

Page last updated 15 November 2017

Credits



Brass of the Month




November 2017 - Nicholas (1522) & Elizabeth Boone, Edmonton, Middlesex

This month's brass is one of those seen by those who attended the Society's meeting at Edmonton at the end of October.


    The figures of Nicholas Boone and his wife Elizabeth, now on a wall at the west end of All Saints's church in Edmonton, are unexceptional, belonging as they do to that group of brasses designated as debased F by Malcolm Norris. As such they are in stark contrast to the figures of the London F style of the late fifteenth century, which mark a high point in the design of brass effigies. What separates the brass from the run-of-the-mill is the inscription, both for its engraving and its content.

    Nicholas Boone (the name also occurs as Bone and Bowne) had been appointed bailiff of Edmonton by Sir Thomas Bourchier when he and his wife Agnes Charlton had been given a grant of the manor of Edmonton in 1486. The manor had belonged to Sir Richard Charlton, who was killed fighting for Richard III at Bosworth in 1485. It had been forfeited by attainder in the first year of Henry VII's reign. Agnes Charlton was Sir Richard's sister. Bourchier had also appointed Nicholas Boone as farmer of the manor for his life for a fee. This meant that Boone was able to use his position to make as much profit as he could from the manor. His method of doing so was one much exploited during the early sixteenth century: enclosure. Enclosing the common lands on which the local people grazed their livestock by hedging and ditching it, he could make money by leasing it. Boone was following the precedent of Sir Richard Charlton, who had made two attempts to enclose John a Marsh field, the first in 1475 meeting with failure when two to three hundred commoners (those who used the common land for grazing) broke down hedges and filled ditches. These commoners were from not only Edmonton but Enfield as inhabitants of both shared common land. They were joined by others from Hadley and South Mimms. Bone had enclosed 200 acres by 1515 and another 100 had been enclosed by others. Enfield manor had become part of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1420. This mean that the inhabitants of Enfield were able to take a case against Boone and others to the Duchy court to try to enforce their rights on the common lands. They were successful in a case against Boone's successor,  John Grimston, but this did not halt the enclosure process. Nicholas Bone was a man of property and not just in the immediate neighbourhood as mentions in documents of property at Chigwell, Essex, and Southwark and Bermondsey in Surrey demonstrate.   

    William Robinson, in The history and antiquities of the parish of Edmonton (1819) described the Boone brass thus:

 On the pavement at the east end of the north aisle, the effigies of Nicholas Boone and  Elizabeth Boone, in brass with the following inscription, in the old letter:—

    Of dethe we have tastyd the mortall rage,

    Now lying bothe to gedore onder thys stone,

    That somtyme were knytt by bond of marrage,

    For'terme of lyfe, two bodies in one.

    Therfore good peple to God in throne,

    Pray frome the one body two soulys procede,

    The whiche in one company to hevyne may gone,

    That teporall marrage everlastyng succede.

It is not only the verse that marks this brass out as being a bit different but the lettering, in particular the capital letters at the beginning of each line, which are not those normally employed on brasses of this style, a characteristic also found on the small plates of brass under each effigy giving the names of those depicted. There is also interest in the line fillers of foliage The verse, on the subject of temporal and eternal marriage, is an unusual one and presumably indicates that the brass was laid down before Nicholas Boone's second marriage to Rose, widow of George Assheby of Harefield. This marriage did not take place until sometime after 24th of April 1516, when Rose Assheby of Harefield, widow, took a lease of Moor Hall in Harefield. A new lease of the same property to Rose Bown of Harefield, widow, was made on very similar terms on 18th of September 1522, indicating that Nicholas was dead. He may have been dead by 18th July 1522 when a lease was made of the messuage called the Lyon in Edmonton which Nicholas Bone, gentleman, lately held. An action brought Richard Ade to recover a debt of Nicholas after Rose Bone had initially refused administration of his will presumably accounts for some of the delay in the probate. For the next few years (1523-6) Rose Boone, widow, as executrix of Nicholas, was named among the defendants in various Common Pleas court proceedings for debt and using the same court herself in the latter year to try to reclaim sheep seized by her neighbour at Harefield, John Newdegate, sergeant at law.

Rose survived Nicholas by quite a number of years and was certainly still alive in 1548. She is represented on the brass to her first husband and herself at Harefield, believed to have been laid down around 1537.



References

S Freeth, H M Stuchfield, P Whittemore, Edmonton, Middlesex  (2017)

Online searches of the following sites:

The National Archives: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

Searching this site also brings up results from local archives such as London Metropolitan Archives

:http://aalt.law.uh.edu contains a lot of TNA material, some of which has been indexed. This is a site run by thee University of Houston’s O’Quinn Law Library.

http://www.lamas.org.uk/archives/transactions - Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society



Copyright: Jon Bayliss