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Click on the links below to see past brasses  of the month:

    February 2003     Nicholas Gaynesford, 1498, Carshalton, Surrey

    March 2003         George Rede, c. 1492, Fovant, Wiltshire

    April 2003           Thomas Stathum, 1470, Morley, Derbyshire  

    May 2003            Richard Torryngton, c.1380-90, Gt. Berkhamsted, Herts                              

    June 2003            Adam Ertham, 1382, Arundel, Sussex

    July 2003             John Lawe, c.1480, Derby Cathedral, Derbyshire

    August 2003        William Frith, 1386, & John Bradwell, Shottesbrook, Berks 

    September 2003  Sir Richard Fitzlewes, 1528, Ingrave, Essex

    October 2003      Joan, Lady Cromwell, 1479, Tattershall, Lincolnshire 

    November 2003   John Gyger, 1504, Tattershall, Lincolnshire

    December 2003    Richard Disney, d. 1578, Norton Disney, Lincolnshire 

    January 2004       Joan de Cobham, c. 1305-10, Cobham, Kent

    February 2004      Henry Notingham, c. 1405, Holme-next-the-Sea, Norfolk

    March 2004          John Wybarne, 1505,  Ticehurst, Sussex

    April 2004            William Bradschawe, 1537, Wendover, Buckinghamshire

    May 2004             Thomas Tompkins, 1629, Llandinabo, Herefordshire

    June 2004             William de Wermington, c. 1330, Crowland, Lincolnshire

    July 2004              Lucasz de Gorka, 1475, Poznan, Poland

    August 2004         Unknown knight, c. 1475, Society of Antiquaries, London

    September 2004    Sir Andrew de Herley, 1382, Allensmore, Herefordshire

    October 2004        Nicholas Fraunceis, 1526, Combe Florey, Somerset

    November 2004    Prior Thomas Nelond, 1432,Cowfold, Sussex

    December 2004     Unknown, c. 1500, Cobham, Surrey

    January 2005         John Hardman, 1867, St. Mary's Convent, Handsworth

    February 2005       Sir John Say, 1473, Broxbourne, Herts

    March 2005           Sir Hugh Hastings, 1347, Elsing, Norfolk

    April 2005              Sir John Clerk, 1539, Thame, Oxfordshire.

    May 2005              Olivier de la Chapelle, 1508, La Chapelle-Rainsouin

    June 2005               Katherine Franckleyn, 1552, Sturry, Kent

    July 2005                Sir Edward Warner, 1565, Little Plumstead, Norfolk

    August 2005            Thomas Tonge, 1472, Beeford, Yorkshire

    September 2005       William Wadham, 1411, llminster, Somerset

    October 2005           Margaret Chute (d. 1614),  Marden, Herefordshire

    November 2005        John Strete (d. 1406), Upper Hardres, Kent

    December 2005        Edward Grymston, 1478, Thorndon, Suffolk

    January 2006            Elizabeth Tempest, 1845, Skipton, Yorkshire

    February 2006          Sir Thomas Brudenell, 1586, Deene, Northamptonshire

    March 2006              Thomas King, 1523, Rendham, Suffolk

    April 2006                Brother Robert Beauner, c. 1450-60, St Alban's Cathedral, Hertfordshire

    May 2006                Lady Anne Danvers, 1539, Dauntsey, Wiltshire

    June 2006                Thomas, Lord Berkeley, 1392, Wotton-under-edge, Gloucestershire

    July 2006                 John Eldred, 1632, Great Saxham,Suffolk

    August 2006            Dame Agnes Jordan, 1546, Denham, Buckinghamshire

    September 2006      King Eric Menved and Queen Ingeborg, 1319, Ringsted, Denmark

    October 2006          Margaret Lambart (d.1608), Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire

    November 2006      Archbishop Samuel Harsnett, 1631, Chigwell, Essex   

    December 2006       John Samwell and wife, c. 1505, Cottisford, Oxfordshire

    January 2007            Hugues des Hazards, (1517) bishop of Toul, Blénod-lès-Toul

    February 2007         Valentine Edvarod, 1574, St Nicholas at Wade, Kent

    March 2007             Edmund Hunt, 1558, Hindolveston, Norfolk

    April 2007               Sir Peter Rede, 1568, St Peter, Norwich,  Norfolk

    May 2007               Sir Adam de Clyfton, Methwold, 1367, Norfolk

    June 2007                George Talbot, Fourth Earl of Shrewsbury, 1538, Sheffield, Yorkshire

    July 2007                 Walter Curson, 1527, and Isabel, his wife, Waterperry, Oxfordshire

    August 2007             John Byrkhede, d. 1468, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex

    September 2007       Lost brass of a lady, c.1415, Castleacre, Norfolk

    October 2007           Christopher Daubeney, 1587, Sharrington, Norfolk

    November 2007        Edward Naylor, 1632, Bigby, Lincolnshire

    December 2007        William Armorer, 1560, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London

    January 2008             A Lady, probably Agnes de Bradeston, c1370, Winterbourne, Gloucestershire

    February 2008           John Strensall, 1408, Boston, Lincolshire

    March 2008              Ann Fitch, 1593, Little Canfield, Essex

    April 2008                 Jeha(n) Buccilier and his wife, Police, 1494, Toul, France
    May 2008                 William de Grey [1495] and his wives Mary and Grace, Merton, Norfolk
    June 2008                  John Stonor, 1512, Wraysbury, Buckinghamshire
    July 2008                  Thomas Cod, 1465, St Margaret at Antioch, Rochester, Kent
    August 2008              John Bartelot, d. 1428/9, and wife Joan de Stopham, Stopham, Sussex

    September 2008         Edmund Clere, d. 1488, and wife Elizabeth, Stokesby, Norfolk

    October 2008            Reginald Spycer, 1442, and wives, Cirencester, Gloucestershire

    November 2008         Ann Tyrell, 1638, Stowmarket, Suffolk

    December 2008          Margaret Bacon, 1626/7, Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire

    January 2009              Unknown civilian, c 1520, Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire

    February 2009            John Alnwyk, 1460, Surlingham, Norfolk

    March 2009               Lady Sydney Wynne, Llanrwst, Denbighshire

    April 2009                 Gotthard and Margaretha von Höveln, 1571, Marienkirche, Lübeck

    May 2009                 Dorothie Brewster, 1613, Willingale Doe, Essex

    June 2009                 Sir John de Wyngefeld, 1389, Letheringham, Suffolk

    July 2009                  Gabriel Pluyette, 1634, Roissy-en-France, Val d'Oise, France

    August 2009              Incised slabs to lepers, Dijon, France

    September 2009        Lost Brass: Ralph de Hengham, St Paul’s Cathedral, London

    October 2009           Reginald de Assche, Ash-next-Wrotham, c. 1380

    November 2009        John Repps, 1561, & wives Margaret & Thomasene, West Walton, Norfolk

    December 2009        Francis Saunders, 1585, & wives Elizabeth, Eleanor and Frances, Welford, Northamptonshire

    January 2010            Inscription on font to Sir Ralph Pudsay, his third wife Edwina & his son William, Bolton-by-Bowland, Yorkshire

    February 2010          John Kyngeston, 1514, and wife Susan, Childrey, Berkshire

    March 2010             Anne Bedingfield, 1641, Darsham, Suffolk

    April 2010                Ambroise de Villiers, 1503, formerly in the abbey of Notre-Dame-du-Val, Seine et Oise, France

    May 2010                Christopher Playters, 1547 (C17 engraving), Sotterley, Suffolk

    June 2010                Nicholas Toke, 1680, and his three daughters, Great Chart, Kent

    July 2010                 Duchess Zedena, 1510, Meissen cathedral, Saxony, Germany

   August 2010             Anne Butts, 1609, Redgrave, Suffolk

  September 2010        Thomas Shernborne, 1458/9, and wife Jamon, Shernborne, Norfolk

   October 2010           Margery or Anne Clopton, 1420, Long Melford, Suffolk

  November 2010         Dirick Lode, 1507, St John’s church, Cēsis, Latvia

  December 2010          William & Margaret Stapilton, c. 1440, Helhoughton, Norfolk

    January 2011            Brass lease, 1568, St Mary’s Hall, Coventry

   February 2011          Agnes & Jane Hopper, 1625, St Cross, Oxford

   March 2011            Ralph Blenerhaysett, 1475, Frenze, Norfolk

     April 2011              Arthur Dericote, 1562, and four wives,  Mary, Emma, Margaret and Joan, Hackney, Middlesex

      May 2011             Geoffrey Boleyn, 1440, and wife Alice, Salle, Norfolk

      June 2011              Bishop Johann II von Schleinitz, Zeitz, Germany

      July 2011               Catherine Verney, 1657, Compton Verney, Warwickshire

    August 2011            Thomas Cawarden, 1592/3, and wife, Mavesyn Ridware, Staffordshire

  September 2011        Joost van Amstel van Mijnden, 1554, Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, Netherlands

   October 2011           Susanna Gartside, 1668, Rochdale, Lancashire

  November 2011        Sir William Burgate, 1409, Burgate, Suffolk

   December 2011        Stillborn son of Elector Johann Georg I, 1608, Freiberg Cathedral, Germany

     January 2012          Thomas Tyard, 1505/6, & Philip Tenison, 1660/1, Bawburgh, Norfolk

    February 2012         Thomas and Elizabeth Drake, c. 1520, Forncett St Peter, Norfolk

      March 2012           John Browne, 1581, and wife, Halesworth, Suffolk

       April 2012            Johan von Heringen, 1505, Erfurt Cathedral, Germany

       May 2012             Richard & Joan Foxwist, 1500, Llanbeblig, Wales

       June 2012             Member of the Bacon family, Gorleston, Suffolk, early fourteenth century

       July 2012              Anne Bulwer, 1604/5, Guestwick, Norfolk

     August 2012           William Styrlay, 1536, Rauceby, Lincolnshire

  September 2012        Katherine Howard, 1465, engraved c. 1535, Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk

    October 2012          Zacharias Ridt, 1586, Poznań, Poland

  November 2012        Alice Laurence, 1531, and husbands, Middleton, Lancashire

  December 2012         Sir Andrew Luttrell, 1390, Irnham, Lincolnshire

    January 2013           Martha Lister, 1663, Sheffield Cathedral, Yorkshire

   February 2013         Thomas Bokenham, 1460, St Stephen's, Norwich

    March 2013            Thomas Kinnersley, c. 1530, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire

      April 2013             Canon Johannes (Jan) Craghe, 1524, Sint-Maartenskerk, Sint Maartensdijk (Zeeland, Netherlands)

       May 2013             Indent of Sir Thomas Felton, KG, 1381, and his son Thomas, East Barsham, Norfolk

       June 2013             Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1416, Konstanz Cathedral (Baden-Württemberg)

       July 2013              Henry Hobart, 1561, Loddon, Norfolk

     August 2013           Lydia Gore, 1654/5, Alderton, Wiltshire

  September 2013       Maud Harcourt and two husbands, Walter Cookesey and Sir John Phelip, 1415, Kidderminster , Worcestershire

   October 2013         George, son of Roger Townsend, c. 1505, East Raynham, Norfolk

  November 2013       Elizabeth Whipple, 1617, Dickleburgh, Norfolk

  December 2013        Bishop Heinrich von Spiegel, 1380, Paderborn Dom, Germany

    January 2014          Anthony Hansart and wife Katherine, 1507, March , Cambridgeshire

   February 2014         Robert Bumpsted, 1479, Sotterley, Suffolk

     March 2014           Iven Reventlow, 1569, St. Hippolyt’s Church, Lebrade,  Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

      April 2014            Sir Robert de Tye, 1415, Barsham, Suffolk

       May 2014            Henry Stanley, 1528, Hillingdon, Middlesex

      June 2014             Lucas Goodyere, 1547, Aldenham, Hertfordshire

       July 2014             Adriaen Cornelis Clayssenzoon, 1524, Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk, Kapelle (Zeeland, Netherlands)

     August 2014           Sir William Calthorpe, 1420, Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk

  September 2014        Sir William Fitz-william, 1534, Marholm, Northamptonshire

   October 2014          William, 1523, & Alice Brugge, Longdon, Worcestershireshire

  November 2014       Roger, 1542/3, & Mary Gifford, Middle Claydon,  Buckinghamshire

   December 2014       Hermann Schomaker, 1406, Bardowick, Germany

     January 2015         Richard Coton, 1556, & wife Margaret, 1560, engraved later, Whittington, Gloucestershire

    February 2015        Simon Boleyn, 1482, Salle, Norfolk

      March 2015          John, 1493, & Elizabeth Sothill, Stockerston, Leicestershire

       April 2015           Edward and Margaret Gage, 1595, Framfield, Sussex

        May 2015          William de Audley, 1365, Horseheath, Cambridgeshire

        June 2015          Walter Dotyn, 1603/4, Oxford, St Michael

        July 2015           Benet ___, died 1519, and his wife, Aldeburgh, Suffolk

      August 2015        Thomas Capp, 1545/6, Norwich, St Stephen

   September 2015     Adam von Herzenradt, 1483, Brauweiler, Germany

    October 2015        Humbert de Chissé, 1458, Geneva, Switzerland

  November 2015       Benedykt z Koźmina, 1559, Dominican Church, Kraków, Poland

  December 2015       Anna, Princess of Denmark & Electress of Saxony, 1585, St Mary’s Cathedral, Freiberg, Saxony, Germany

    January 2016         Gijsbert Willemszoen, 1511, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

   February 2016        Talbot family, 1821, Wymondham, Norfolk

     March 2016          Mathew Rudd, 1615, Chelmsford, Essex

       April 2016           Barbara Antoni, 1510, Isenhagen, Germany

        May 2016          John Hynkley, 1432, and wife Margaret, 1442, engraved after 1454, Great Thurlow, Suffolk

        June 2016          Indent, unknown priest, Seton Collegiate Church, East Lothian, Scotland

        July 2016           Margaret de Buslingthorpe, 1369, Bothamsall, Nottinghamshire

      August 2016        Ralph Fuloflove, 1479, West Harling, Norfolk

  September 2016      Michael Hare, 1611, and two wives, Bruisyard, Suffolk

    October 2016        Man in armout, c.1410, Holbeach Lincolnshire

  November 2016      Thomas Holte, 1545 & wife, Aston, Warwickshire

  December 2016       Richard Gereys & wife Jane, 1574, Constantine, Cornwall

     January 2017         John Beton, 1570, Edensor, Derbyshire

    February 2017       William and Elizabeth Berdwell [1490], West Harling, Norfolk

      March 2017         Duchess Katharina of Saxony, 1561, Freiberg Cathedral, Germany

       April 2017           Thomas, 1458, & Margery Hesketh, Rufford, Lancashire

        May 2017          John Weston, 1566(C17 engraving), Rugeley, Staffordshire

       June 2017           Johann von Rintelen, Rector,   1376, St Petri Braunschweig, Niedersachsen, Germany

       July 2017            Sir George Throckmorton 15[52] & wife, Coughton, Warwickshire

     August 2017         Hercules Raynsford, 1583, & wife, Clifford Chambers, Warwickshire

   September 2017      Lady Martha Chedworth, 1775, Erwarton, Suffolk

     October 2017        Aliuce Paston, 1608/9, Oxnead, Norfolk


Copyright © 2017 Monumental Brass Society (MBS)

Page last updated 15 October 2017

Credits



Brass of the Month




The rise of the Paston family in the fifteenth-century is well-documented in the letters published centuries later, the largest such collection of family correspondence to survive from the medieval period in England. The family's rise continued after the medieval period, culminating in Charles II creating Robert Paston as earl of Yarmouth in 1679, a title extinguished when his son William, who outlived his own sons, died in 1732 leaving the Oxnead estate to be sold to pay his debts. Oxnead had been passed down through the family since the time of William Paston, the judge who began the rise of the family before his death in 1444. In 1554 it was bequeathed to Clement Paston, fourth surviving son of Sir William Paston, lawyer and courtier. Clement made his mark as a naval captain and soldier in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary before retiring to Oxnead early in Elizabeth's reign. He was elected MP for Norfolk in 1563 and married Alice, daughter of Humphrey Pakington and widow of Richard Lambert, a rich London merchant, in 1567. He then built a large house which remained the principal residence of the family until 1732. One wing survives.

    It is Alice's brass that is featured this month. After Clement died in February 1597/8, the provision of his will was enacted in which he requested a fair and convenient tomb to be made over his body, and his and his wife's arms to be graven thereon. It is in alabaster with inlays of black marble and rance. Clement's life-size recumbent effigy reposes on the top of the chest and the smaller figure Alice is depicted kneeling in the centre of the chest.  Alice survived Clement by almost eleven years dying on 18 January 1608/9.


    Clement's monument is on the north side of the sanctuary and Alice's is south of it, the bottom half of the slab under the north end of the communion table. In a similar position, half under the south end is a brass of the same design commemorating Edmund Lambert, Alice's son by her first husband, who is described on it as 'late of Boyton in the county of Wiltshire'. He died less than month before his mother on 28 December 1608, the two brasses evidently part of the same commission, perhaps by Sir William Paston, Clement's nephew who inherited the estate. A later Sir William Paston who succeeded to the estate in 1636 was a major patron of Nicholas Stone, who made the monument for Sir William's first wife Katherine Bertie, on the north side of the chancel. It was probably then that the chancel was paved with black and white marble squares set diagonally. Between the sanctuary and Katherine's monument is an area of red and black tiles but set among them are two white Carrara marble tiles engraved with 'Alice Parkington wife of Clement Paston Esq 1608' and 'Here lyes Edward Lambert Esq 1608'. Alice is thus commemorated three times.

    Alice's brass consists of an inscription and two shields set in strapwork surrounds, quite possibly the work of the same workshop that produced the marble tomb, probably in Southwark. The brasses are set in a slab of Wealden marble, which had supplanted the use of Purbeck marble in the latter part of the sixteenth-century but was soon itself to make way for black Belgium marble. The strapwork surrounds of the shields are identical to those on the Lambert brass. The inscription is in Roman capitals with slightly larger letters at the beginning of names and ranks. A blank has been left for the forename of Alice's father Humphrey Pakington. The shields show Lambert impaling Pakington and Paston impaling Pakington for Alice's two marriages.

    The marble lozenge probably relates to the inscription REP WILLIAM BRIGST 1662(or 9) on the top of one of the shields on the side of Clement Paston's tomb.  The superstructure of the tomb has largely disappeared and the likelihood is that the this alabaster tomb of the Paston family was targeted during the 1640s, although Katherine Paston's marble monument appears untouched. William Brigstock, brought in to repair Norwich Cathedral after the damage it incurred during the same period, seems to have run a large tomb-making business in the city for over thirty years and would have been the most local mason qualified to tidy up the damage at Oxnead and to inscribe the two lozenges.     



October 2017 - Alice Paston, 1608/9, Oxnead, Norfolk

Copyright: Jon Bayliss