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Click on the links below to see past brasses  of the month:

    February 2003     Nicholas Gaynesford, 1498, Carshalton, Surrey

    March 2003         George Rede, c. 1492, Fovant, Wiltshire

    April 2003           Thomas Stathum, 1470, Morley, Derbyshire  

    May 2003            Richard Torryngton, c.1380-90, Gt. Berkhamsted, Herts                              

    June 2003            Adam Ertham, 1382, Arundel, Sussex

    July 2003             John Lawe, c.1480, Derby Cathedral, Derbyshire

    August 2003        William Frith, 1386, & John Bradwell, Shottesbrook, Berks 

    September 2003  Sir Richard Fitzlewes, 1528, Ingrave, Essex

    October 2003      Joan, Lady Cromwell, 1479, Tattershall, Lincolnshire 

    November 2003   John Gyger, 1504, Tattershall, Lincolnshire

    December 2003    Richard Disney, d. 1578, Norton Disney, Lincolnshire 

    January 2004       Joan de Cobham, c. 1305-10, Cobham, Kent

    February 2004      Henry Notingham, c. 1405, Holme-next-the-Sea, Norfolk

    March 2004          John Wybarne, 1505,  Ticehurst, Sussex

    April 2004            William Bradschawe, 1537, Wendover, Buckinghamshire

    May 2004             Thomas Tompkins, 1629, Llandinabo, Herefordshire

    June 2004             William de Wermington, c. 1330, Crowland, Lincolnshire

    July 2004              Lucasz de Gorka, 1475, Poznan, Poland

    August 2004         Unknown knight, c. 1475, Society of Antiquaries, London

    September 2004    Sir Andrew de Herley, 1382, Allensmore, Herefordshire

    October 2004        Nicholas Fraunceis, 1526, Combe Florey, Somerset

    November 2004    Prior Thomas Nelond, 1432,Cowfold, Sussex

    December 2004     Unknown, c. 1500, Cobham, Surrey

    January 2005         John Hardman, 1867, St. Mary's Convent, Handsworth

    February 2005       Sir John Say, 1473, Broxbourne, Herts

    March 2005           Sir Hugh Hastings, 1347, Elsing, Norfolk

    April 2005              Sir John Clerk, 1539, Thame, Oxfordshire.

    May 2005              Olivier de la Chapelle, 1508, La Chapelle-Rainsouin

    June 2005               Katherine Franckleyn, 1552, Sturry, Kent

    July 2005                Sir Edward Warner, 1565, Little Plumstead, Norfolk

    August 2005            Thomas Tonge, 1472, Beeford, Yorkshire

    September 2005       William Wadham, 1411, llminster, Somerset

    October 2005           Margaret Chute (d. 1614),  Marden, Herefordshire

    November 2005        John Strete (d. 1406), Upper Hardres, Kent

    December 2005        Edward Grymston, 1478, Thorndon, Suffolk

    January 2006            Elizabeth Tempest, 1845, Skipton, Yorkshire

    February 2006          Sir Thomas Brudenell, 1586, Deene, Northamptonshire

    March 2006              Thomas King, 1523, Rendham, Suffolk

    April 2006                Brother Robert Beauner, c. 1450-60, St Alban's Cathedral, Hertfordshire

    May 2006                Lady Anne Danvers, 1539, Dauntsey, Wiltshire

    June 2006                Thomas, Lord Berkeley, 1392, Wotton-under-edge, Gloucestershire

    July 2006                 John Eldred, 1632, Great Saxham,Suffolk

    August 2006            Dame Agnes Jordan, 1546, Denham, Buckinghamshire

    September 2006      King Eric Menved and Queen Ingeborg, 1319, Ringsted, Denmark

    October 2006          Margaret Lambart (d.1608), Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire

    November 2006      Archbishop Samuel Harsnett, 1631, Chigwell, Essex   

    December 2006       John Samwell and wife, c. 1505, Cottisford, Oxfordshire

    January 2007            Hugues des Hazards, (1517) bishop of Toul, Blénod-lès-Toul

    February 2007         Valentine Edvarod, 1574, St Nicholas at Wade, Kent

    March 2007             Edmund Hunt, 1558, Hindolveston, Norfolk

    April 2007               Sir Peter Rede, 1568, St Peter, Norwich,  Norfolk

    May 2007               Sir Adam de Clyfton, Methwold, 1367, Norfolk

    June 2007                George Talbot, Fourth Earl of Shrewsbury, 1538, Sheffield, Yorkshire

    July 2007                 Walter Curson, 1527, and Isabel, his wife, Waterperry, Oxfordshire

    August 2007             John Byrkhede, d. 1468, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex

    September 2007       Lost brass of a lady, c.1415, Castleacre, Norfolk

    October 2007           Christopher Daubeney, 1587, Sharrington, Norfolk

    November 2007        Edward Naylor, 1632, Bigby, Lincolnshire

    December 2007        William Armorer, 1560, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London

    January 2008             A Lady, probably Agnes de Bradeston, c1370, Winterbourne, Gloucestershire

    February 2008           John Strensall, 1408, Boston, Lincolshire

    March 2008              Ann Fitch, 1593, Little Canfield, Essex

    April 2008                 Jeha(n) Buccilier and his wife, Police, 1494, Toul, France
    May 2008                 William de Grey [1495] and his wives Mary and Grace, Merton, Norfolk
    June 2008                  John Stonor, 1512, Wraysbury, Buckinghamshire
    July 2008                  Thomas Cod, 1465, St Margaret at Antioch, Rochester, Kent
    August 2008              John Bartelot, d. 1428/9, and wife Joan de Stopham, Stopham, Sussex

    September 2008         Edmund Clere, d. 1488, and wife Elizabeth, Stokesby, Norfolk

    October 2008            Reginald Spycer, 1442, and wives, Cirencester, Gloucestershire

    November 2008         Ann Tyrell, 1638, Stowmarket, Suffolk

    December 2008          Margaret Bacon, 1626/7, Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire

    January 2009              Unknown civilian, c 1520, Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire

    February 2009            John Alnwyk, 1460, Surlingham, Norfolk

    March 2009               Lady Sydney Wynne, Llanrwst, Denbighshire

    April 2009                 Gotthard and Margaretha von Höveln, 1571, Marienkirche, Lübeck

    May 2009                 Dorothie Brewster, 1613, Willingale Doe, Essex

    June 2009                 Sir John de Wyngefeld, 1389, Letheringham, Suffolk

    July 2009                  Gabriel Pluyette, 1634, Roissy-en-France, Val d'Oise, France

    August 2009              Incised slabs to lepers, Dijon, France

    September 2009        Lost Brass: Ralph de Hengham, St Paul’s Cathedral, London

    October 2009           Reginald de Assche, Ash-next-Wrotham, c. 1380

    November 2009        John Repps, 1561, & wives Margaret & Thomasene, West Walton, Norfolk

    December 2009        Francis Saunders, 1585, & wives Elizabeth, Eleanor and Frances, Welford, Northamptonshire

    January 2010            Inscription on font to Sir Ralph Pudsay, his third wife Edwina & his son William, Bolton-by-Bowland, Yorkshire

    February 2010          John Kyngeston, 1514, and wife Susan, Childrey, Berkshire

    March 2010             Anne Bedingfield, 1641, Darsham, Suffolk

    April 2010                Ambroise de Villiers, 1503, formerly in the abbey of Notre-Dame-du-Val, Seine et Oise, France

    May 2010                Christopher Playters, 1547 (C17 engraving), Sotterley, Suffolk

    June 2010                Nicholas Toke, 1680, and his three daughters, Great Chart, Kent

    July 2010                 Duchess Zedena, 1510, Meissen cathedral, Saxony, Germany

   August 2010             Anne Butts, 1609, Redgrave, Suffolk

  September 2010        Thomas Shernborne, 1458/9, and wife Jamon, Shernborne, Norfolk

   October 2010           Margery or Anne Clopton, 1420, Long Melford, Suffolk

  November 2010         Dirick Lode, 1507, St John’s church, Cēsis, Latvia

  December 2010          William & Margaret Stapilton, c. 1440, Helhoughton, Norfolk

    January 2011            Brass lease, 1568, St Mary’s Hall, Coventry

   February 2011          Agnes & Jane Hopper, 1625, St Cross, Oxford

   March 2011            Ralph Blenerhaysett, 1475, Frenze, Norfolk

     April 2011              Arthur Dericote, 1562, and four wives,  Mary, Emma, Margaret and Joan, Hackney, Middlesex

      May 2011             Geoffrey Boleyn, 1440, and wife Alice, Salle, Norfolk

      June 2011              Bishop Johann II von Schleinitz, Zeitz, Germany

      July 2011               Catherine Verney, 1657, Compton Verney, Warwickshire

    August 2011            Thomas Cawarden, 1592/3, and wife, Mavesyn Ridware, Staffordshire

  September 2011        Joost van Amstel van Mijnden, 1554, Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, Netherlands

   October 2011           Susanna Gartside, 1668, Rochdale, Lancashire

  November 2011        Sir William Burgate, 1409, Burgate, Suffolk

   December 2011        Stillborn son of Elector Johann Georg I, 1608, Freiberg Cathedral, Germany

     January 2012          Thomas Tyard, 1505/6, & Philip Tenison, 1660/1, Bawburgh, Norfolk

    February 2012         Thomas and Elizabeth Drake, c. 1520, Forncett St Peter, Norfolk

      March 2012           John Browne, 1581, and wife, Halesworth, Suffolk

       April 2012            Johan von Heringen, 1505, Erfurt Cathedral, Germany

       May 2012             Richard & Joan Foxwist, 1500, Llanbeblig, Wales

       June 2012             Member of the Bacon family, Gorleston, Suffolk, early fourteenth century

       July 2012              Anne Bulwer, 1604/5, Guestwick, Norfolk

     August 2012           William Styrlay, 1536, Rauceby, Lincolnshire

  September 2012        Katherine Howard, 1465, engraved c. 1535, Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk

    October 2012          Zacharias Ridt, 1586, Poznań, Poland

  November 2012        Alice Laurence, 1531, and husbands, Middleton, Lancashire

  December 2012         Sir Andrew Luttrell, 1390, Irnham, Lincolnshire

    January 2013           Martha Lister, 1663, Sheffield Cathedral, Yorkshire

   February 2013         Thomas Bokenham, 1460, St Stephen's, Norwich

    March 2013            Thomas Kinnersley, c. 1530, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire

      April 2013             Canon Johannes (Jan) Craghe, 1524, Sint-Maartenskerk, Sint Maartensdijk (Zeeland, Netherlands)

       May 2013             Indent of Sir Thomas Felton, KG, 1381, and his son Thomas, East Barsham, Norfolk

       June 2013             Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1416, Konstanz Cathedral (Baden-Württemberg)

       July 2013              Henry Hobart, 1561, Loddon, Norfolk

     August 2013           Lydia Gore, 1654/5, Alderton, Wiltshire

  September 2013       Maud Harcourt and two husbands, Walter Cookesey and Sir John Phelip, 1415, Kidderminster , Worcestershire

   October 2013         George, son of Roger Townsend, c. 1505, East Raynham, Norfolk

  November 2013       Elizabeth Whipple, 1617, Dickleburgh, Norfolk

  December 2013        Bishop Heinrich von Spiegel, 1380, Paderborn Dom, Germany

    January 2014          Anthony Hansart and wife Katherine, 1507, March , Cambridgeshire

   February 2014         Robert Bumpsted, 1479, Sotterley, Suffolk

     March 2014           Iven Reventlow, 1569, St. Hippolyt’s Church, Lebrade,  Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

      April 2014            Sir Robert de Tye, 1415, Barsham, Suffolk

       May 2014            Henry Stanley, 1528, Hillingdon, Middlesex

      June 2014             Lucas Goodyere, 1547, Aldenham, Hertfordshire

       July 2014             Adriaen Cornelis Clayssenzoon, 1524, Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk, Kapelle (Zeeland, Netherlands)

     August 2014           Sir William Calthorpe, 1420, Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk

  September 2014        Sir William Fitz-william, 1534, Marholm, Northamptonshire

   October 2014          William, 1523, & Alice Brugge, Longdon, Worcestershireshire

  November 2014       Roger, 1542/3, & Mary Gifford, Middle Claydon,  Buckinghamshire

   December 2014       Hermann Schomaker, 1406, Bardowick, Germany

     January 2015         Richard Coton, 1556, & wife Margaret, 1560, engraved later, Whittington, Gloucestershire

    February 2015        Simon Boleyn, 1482, Salle, Norfolk

      March 2015          John, 1493, & Elizabeth Sothill, Stockerston, Leicestershire

       April 2015           Edward and Margaret Gage, 1595, Framfield, Sussex

        May 2015          William de Audley, 1365, Horseheath, Cambridgeshire

        June 2015          Walter Dotyn, 1603/4, Oxford, St Michael

        July 2015           Benet ___, died 1519, and his wife, Aldeburgh, Suffolk

      August 2015        Thomas Capp, 1545/6, Norwich, St Stephen

   September 2015     Adam von Herzenradt, 1483, Brauweiler, Germany

    October 2015        Humbert de Chissé, 1458, Geneva, Switzerland

  November 2015       Benedykt z Koźmina, 1559, Dominican Church, Kraków, Poland

  December 2015       Anna, Princess of Denmark & Electress of Saxony, 1585, St Mary’s Cathedral, Freiberg, Saxony, Germany

    January 2016         Gijsbert Willemszoen, 1511, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

   February 2016        Talbot family, 1821, Wymondham, Norfolk

     March 2016          Mathew Rudd, 1615, Chelmsford, Essex

       April 2016           Barbara Antoni, 1510, Isenhagen, Germany

        May 2016          John Hynkley, 1432, and wife Margaret, 1442, engraved after 1454, Great Thurlow, Suffolk

        June 2016          Indent, unknown priest, Seton Collegiate Church, East Lothian, Scotland

        July 2016           Margaret de Buslingthorpe, 1369, Bothamsall, Nottinghamshire

      August 2016        Ralph Fuloflove, 1479, West Harling, Norfolk

  September 2016      Michael Hare, 1611, and two wives, Bruisyard, Suffolk

    October 2016        Man in armout, c.1410, Holbeach Lincolnshire

  November 2016      Thomas Holte, 1545 & wife, Aston, Warwickshire

  December 2016       Richard Gereys & wife Jane, 1574, Constantine, Cornwall

     January 2017         John Beton, 1570, Edensor, Derbyshire

    February 2017       William and Elizabeth Berdwell [1490], West Harling, Norfolk

      March 2017         Duchess Katharina of Saxony, 1561, Freiberg Cathedral, Germany

       April 2017           Thomas, 1458, & Margery Hesketh, Rufford, Lancashire

        May 2017          John Weston, 1566(C17 engraving), Rugeley, Staffordshire

       June 2017           Johann von Rintelen, Rector,   1376, St Petri Braunschweig, Niedersachsen, Germany

       July 2017            Sir George Throckmorton 15[52] & wife, Coughton, Warwickshire

     August 2017         Hercules Raynsford, 1583, & wife, Clifford Chambers, Warwickshire

   September 2017      Lady Martha Chedworth, 1775, Erwarton, Suffolk

    October 2017        Alice Paston, 1608/9, Oxnead, Norfolk

   November 2017     Nicholas (1522) & Elizabeth Boone, Edmonton, Middlesex

   December 2017     Johan Füchting, 1637, Füchtingshof, Lübeck, Germany

     January 2018        Dame Millicent Meryng, 1419, East Markham, Nottinghamshire

    February 2018       Nicholas Purefey, 1545, & wife Jane, Fenny Drayton, Leicestershire

      March 2018         John Feld, 1474, & son John, Standon, Hertfordshire  

       April 2018          William and Joan Strode, 1649, Shepton Mallet, Somerset

        May 2018          Thomasine Palmer, 1544, Moulton St Mary, Norfolk

        June 2018           William Knyght, 1501, & wife Katherine, 1506, Norton, Northamptonshire

         July 2018           Thomas, 1450, & Agnes Knaresburght, 1498, Floore, Northamptonshire

      August 2018          Robert 1526, & Mary Appleton, Little Waldingfield, Suffolk

  September 2018        John Harewell, 1505, and wife Dame Anne, Wootton Wawen, Warwickshire

   October 2018          Geoffrey & Joyce Sherard, 1492, Dtapleford, Leicestershire

  November 2018        Hermann, 1386, & Siegfried von Oertzen, 1449, Bad Doberan, Mecklenburg, Germany

   December 2018        Captain Thomas Hodges, d. 1583, c. 1630,Wedmore, Somerset



Brass of the Month




                                                                              

 The brass to her daughter Duchess Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg d. 1617 in the south chapel of the mausoleum, is similar in this respect. She holds a tablet with an arrangement of letters with her year of death- 1617- below. None of the German sources have been able to decipher these.


 Sophia wears a richly embroidered dress with numerous folds reaching to her feet, over which is a long-sleeved jacket with downturned cuffs and collar and lace edging. The jacket is short and worn open. Her bonnet has a headband of lace. The wide geometrically-patterned and decorative margin surrounding the central composition includes scallops and gemstones and twelve oval shields as follows;

  1. Top from the dexter side: Brandenburg; An uncrowned                  Lion; An armed Griffin; Ditto.

  2. Dexter side: Wenden or Cassuben; An armed Griffin;                  Ditto;  Nürnberg.

  3. Sinister side: Saxony; Thüringen; Meissen; A regalia                  Shield.

As with all of the Freiberg series of brasses there is an intelligent and highly effective use of shading and crosshatching.


As with all of the Freiberg series of brasses there is an intelligent and highlyeffective use of shading and crosshatching



    • 1606 Sybilla Elisabeth wife of Elector Johann Georg I.

    • 1608 Still-born son of Elector Johann Georg I.

    • 1611 Elector Christian II.

    • 1612 Duke Christian Albrecht infant son of Elector Johann Georg I.

    • 1615 Duke August son of Elector Christian I and Sophia.

    •  1617 Duchess Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg daughter of Elector Christian I and Sophia.

    • 1622 Duke Heinrich infant son of Elector Johann Georg I.


The inscription reads;

     Im Jahr des HERRN 1622. den 7. Decemb: ein Viertel vor 11 uhrn

    uf den Abendt ist selig von dieser Welt abgeschieden Die Durchlauchtigste Hochge=

    borne Furstin vnd Fraw Sophia, Herzogin vnd Churfurstin Zu Sachßen, ge=

    borne aus Churfe. stam Brandenburgk etc., Landgräfin in Turingen, Margräfin Zu Meis=

    sen vnd Burggräfin Zu Magdeburgk, Des weiland Durchlauchtigsten Hochgebornen

    Fursten vnd Herrn Christiani 1., Herzogens vnd Churfurstens Zu Sachszens etc. seli=

    ger Gedächtnus vielgeliebte Gemahlin, I. Churfe. G. Alters   5+ Jahr 6. Monat/

     vnd 1 Tag. Der Allerhöch∫te verleihe Ihr. Chürf‘ G. Am Jungsten tage eine fröliche Auferstehung Zu ewiger frewde. Amen.


 Translation;

“In the year of our Lord 1622 on 7th December, a quarter to 11 of the evening, deceased happily the most Excellent Highborn Princess and Lady, Lady Sophia, Duchess and Electress of Saxony, Margravine of Meissen and Burgravine of Magdeburg, the much-loved spouse of Christian I, deceased, Duke and Prince Elector of Saxony etc. Aged 54 years, 6 months, 1 day. May the Highest grant Her Grace on the Last Day a happy resuscitation. Amen.”


 The brass is a product of the Hilliger workshop, by then relocated to Dresden, during the time of Hans Hilliger (8th February 1567 – 24th April 1640). Elector Johann Georg I ordered three brasses from Hans on 15th December 1624 and was quoted c.600 guilders. These related to Sophia his mother, his infant son Duke Heinrich (1622), and his sister Duchess Dorothea (1617). The remaining four brasses referred to in the bullet points above were included in another batch ordered by Elector Johann Georg I from Hans. The majority, if not all, of the inscriptions on these seven brasses are the work of Konrad Teuerling. He was possibly a goldsmith given the intricate skill evident in their execution. The artist responsible for the brass portrait of Sophia is not known. It could have been Hans Fasolt or Andreas Göding (1570-1625), known court painters to the Albertines at that time.


Sophia was born on 6th June 1568 at Zechlin castle in Rheinsberg, the daughter of Elector Johann Georg of Brandenburg and his second wife Sabine of Brandenburg-Ansbach. She married Elector Christian I on 25th April 1582, aged 14. They had seven children including the future Electors Christian II and Johann Georg I, and two girls who died as infants – Anna Sabina 1586 and Elisabeth 1589. Her husband died suddenly in 1591 after a short reign of six years. During his reign he had shown distinct leanings towards Calvinism in the face of Orthodox Lutheranism, the recognised religion of Albertine Saxony. This caused tension in his marriage since Sophia was a devout Orthodox Lutheran. Prior to acceding to Elector his father August had assigned Dr. Nikolaus Krell as his special advisor. Krell was a Calvinist and once Elector, Christian I made him a Privy Councillor and then in 1589 Chancellor. Christian allowed Calvinists to  take up University posts, started reorganising the Lutheran church, and allowed Calvinist books to be sold, including a Bible translation with Calvinist

annotations. The path towards a “Second Reformation” halted abruptly on his death. Duke Friedrich Wilhelm 1 of Saxe-Weimar and Sophia became Regents for son Christian – a minor. Calvinists were removed from positions of

authority with Krell imprisoned in Königstein fortress, a citadel strengthened, ironically, by Christian I. He was there for ten years until execution on 9th October 1601 in the Jüdenhof/Neumarkt in Dresden, on the orders of the newly appointed Elector Christian II and at Sophia’s request. A flagstone with his initials survives at the point where he fell.


Sophia died at Colditz castle on 7th December 1622. The Sophienkirche in Dresden, a former Gothic church she had remodelled and re-consecrated, was damaged in World War 11 and then demolished in the 1960’s at the behest of the DDR.


I record my thanks to Reinhard Lamp for the translation of the foot inscription.


© Kevin Herring Article & Photos

 

Sources;

1. Hans-Gerd Dormagen in “Mittelungen des Freiberger Altertumsvereins”

99 Heft 2007. ISBN 1611-5759. pp. 37-39 & 96-98.

2. Helen Watanabe-O’Kelly “Court Culture in Dresden – from Renaissance

to Baroque”. Palgrave 2002. ISBN 0-333-98448-X. pp. 15-17.

3. H.K. Cameron “A list of Monumental Brasses on the Continent of

Europe”. MBS London 1970 pp.51-52.

4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophie_of_Brandenburg

5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolaus_Krell

 It is located on the north side of the choir, towards its western end, with the brass of her husband Elector Christian I opposite on the south side. It

comprises two plates with overall dimensions of 2632 x 1483mm.


Centrally positioned is a portrait of Sophia as an older person with a fuller figure and somewhat forbidding in appearance. She stands on a plain

pavement in front of a Renaissance-style canopy with angels heads in the spandrels of the arch which is supported by decorated square capitols and pillars. Her hands are clasped with rings on her fingers including one with the monogram HS on the little finger of the left hand. Above her hands are five rows of letters interspersed with two crosses and a crucifix, with the letters giving an impression of being embroidered on her dress. Each letter is likely to represents a word, with the first three lines possibly having religious and / or

political significance and meant to be understood by onlookers from her immediate family/ friends only.

MITVE

IKZES

IHGTCIBGVLN

SGACSB

CVHZSW

1622

The last two rows of letters have been deciphered and read; “Sophia Geboren Aus Churfürstlichen Stamme Brandenburg / Churftürstin Vnd Herzogin Zu Sachsen Witwe”

Electress Sophia of Saxony, Freiberg, Saxony, Germany

 This month’s Brass is another from the mausoleum in Freiberg Cathedral, Saxony, set aside for members of the Albertine Line of the House of Wettin. It commemorates Electress Sophia of Saxony, born Duchess of Brandenburg, who died on 7th December 1622. (HKC 7)


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Page last updated 06 January 2019

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